About Trinidad & Tobago
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Trinidad and Tobago is a twin-island unitary state situated at the southernmost base of the Caribbean Archipelago off the northern edge of South America, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles.
Trinidad is separated from Venezuela by the 11 kilometre straits of the Gulf of Paria.
Location: Latitude 10 1/2°N, Longitude 61 1/2° W
Physical Area: Rectangular in shape, measures 60 km by 80 km.
Total Area: 4828 square kilometres
Major Cities: Port of Spain (capital), San Fernando
Location: Latitude 11°N, Longitude 60°W
Physical Area: Fish-shaped, measures 42 km) by 10 km.
Total Area: 300 square kilometres
Major Towns: Scarborough (capital), Roxborough, and Charlotteville
Trinidad and Tobago's climate is tropical, with average maximum temperatures of 32°C, (89°F). There are two seasons annually, the dry season for the first six months of the year, and the rainy season in the second half of the year.
SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
Trinidad and Tobago follows the Westminster model of Government and upholds the traditions of parliamentary democracy it inherited from its colonizers Great Britain. The country gained independence in 1962 and became a Republic in 1976. It is a member of the British Commonwealth.
General elections are held at least every 5 years; the democratic transfer of power is peaceful and routine.
Legislative power lies with the House of Representatives with 41 elected members, and the Senate with 31 members appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition; nine of these members are independents.
In Tobago there is the Tobago House of Assembly, where members are elected and are ultimately responsible for the administration of the island, and for the implementation of policies that are referred by Parliament.
Local Public Holidays
Public holidays are authorised by law and limit work or official business on those dates. Therefore all government offices, banks, and most businesses are closed on public holidays in Trinidad and Tobago.
New Year’s Day – January 1st
Carnival Monday* – At a date to be determined
Carnival Tuesday* – At a date to be determined
Shouter Baptist Liberation Day – March 30th
Good Friday – At a date to be determined
Easter Monday – At a date to be determined
Arrival Day – May 30th
Corpus Christi – At a date to be determined
Labour Day – June 19th
Emancipation Day – August 1st
Independence Day – August 31st
Republic Day – September 24th
Christmas Day – December 25th
Boxing Day – December 26th
Divali – At a date to be determined
Eid-Ul-Fitr – At a date to be determined
It is important to note that:
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